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| Last Updated:: 25/02/2015


Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011

The mesmerizing natural beauty coupled with the skyscraping Himalayan Mountains with their lush white snowy tips. The Himachal Pradesh stands true to its tales of splendor. Naturally, tourism has flourished here, attracting mountain lovers from all over the world. The wide forests with snow leopards residing in them, is also equally alluring. Not to mention numerous national parks and animal reserves in Himachal. The chilly Himalayas are well balanced by the warm people of Himachal. The variety in the Indian continent also shows in the population density of India. Himachal Pradesh is of the Indian states having least population density. That's probably why the nature at Himachal is ever flourishing without human encroachment polluting it. In more than 50000 square kilometers' expanse, the density of population is just above 100. The total population of Himachal only counts up to above 60 lacs according to the state census 2011 and appears to be growing at an average rate.

The literacy rate in the Himachal state is also satisfactory and has risen up to more than 80 % according to the 2011 census. Although the sex ratio of Himachal is not ideal, the female count is above 90%. The literacy rate in females, however, is low as compared to the other gender and has scope of increment. It's found that the literacy is already increasing rapidly as compared to the previous census. The state is advanced with regards to the provided education, and tourism opportunities. But, urbanization has not spread itself in Himachal Pradesh. About only 10% of the population resides in urban areas while the rest in villages. The capital of Himachal, SHIMLA , along with Kullu, Manali, Dharmashala, Kangra are some of the urban areas. With urban streets filled with tourists, and the village lanes with mountaineers and the natives, Himachal presents a vibrant mix of culture.

The capital city which is also the largest city in the state of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla. The languages spoken in the Himachal Pradesh state includes Hindi. In total Himachal Pradesh (HP) state comprises 12 districts. The ISOCODE assigned by International Organization for Standardization for Himachal Pradesh state is HP.

Himachal Pradesh Population 2011

As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960.

Himachal Pradesh Population Growth Rate

The total population growth in this decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent.

Himachal Pradesh Literacy Rate 2011

Literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh has seen upward trend and is 82.80 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 89.53 percent while female literacy is at 73.51 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh stood at 76.48 percent of which male and female were 85.35 percent and 65.61 percent literate respectively.

In actual numbers, total literates in Himachal Pradesh stands at 5,039,736 of which males were 2,752,590 and females were 2,287,146.

Himachal Pradesh Density 2011

Total area of Himachal Pradesh is 55,673 sq. km. Density of Himachal Pradesh is 123 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Himachal Pradesh was 109 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km.

Himachal Pradesh Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio in Himachal Pradesh is 972 i.e. for each 1000 male, which is below national average of 940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 970 per 1000 males in Himachal Pradesh.




Approximate Population

68.65 Lakhs

60.78 Lakh

Actual Population









Population Growth



Percantage of total Population



Sex Ratio



Child Sex Ratio









Area km2



Area mi2



Total Child Population (0-6 Age)



Male Population (0-6 Age)



Female Population (0-6 Age)




82.80 %

76.48 %

Male Literacy

89.53 %

85.35 %

Female Literacy

73.51 %

65.61 %

Total Literate



Male Literate



Female Literate



  Himachal Pradesh Urban Population 2011

Out of total population of Himachal Pradesh, 10.03% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 688,552 of which 371,528 are males and while remaining 317,024 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 10.03 percent.

Sex Ratio in urban regions of Himachal Pradesh was 853 females per 1000 males. For child (0-6) sex ratio the figure for urban region stood at 881 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Himachal Pradesh were 65,076. Of total population in urban region, 9.45 % were children (0-6).

Average Literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh for Urban regions was 91.10 percent in which males were 93.42% literate while female literacy stood at 74.25%. Total literates in urban region of Himachal Pradesh were 568,000.

Himachal Pradesh Rural Population 2011

Of the total population of Himachal Pradesh state, around 89.97 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 3,110,345 and 3,065,705 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Himachal Pradesh state was 6,176,050. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 89.97%.

In rural regions of Himachal Pradesh state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 986 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 912 girls per 1000 boys. In Himachal Pradesh, 712,822 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Child population forms 11.54 percent of total rural population.

In rural areas of Himachal Pradesh, literacy rate for males and female stood at 89.05 % and 73.42 %. Average literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh for rural areas was 81.85 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 4,471,736.

Himachal Pradesh Census 2011 Conclusion

The official census 2011 of Himachal Pradesh has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Himachal Pradesh. Enumeration of key persons including Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh was also done by officials conducting population census.