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| Last Updated: 17/04/2021

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World Wetlands Day (WWD)

 World Wetlands Day (WWD)

  •  2nd February is celebrated annually to raise global awareness about the value of wetlands.
  • Wetlands are important features in the landscape that provide numerous beneficial services for people, wildlife and aquatic species.
  • Some of these services, or functions, include protecting and improving water quality, providing fish and wildlife habitats, storing flood waters and maintaining surface water flow during dry periods.
  • Wetlands are among the most productive eco systems comparable to rain forests and coral reefs.
  • An immense variety of species of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals can be part of a wetland ecosystem.
  • Climate, landscape shape (topology), geology and the movement and abundance ofwater help to determine the plants and animals that inhabit each wetland.
  • Wetlands can be thought of as "biological supermarkets”.
  • Ramsar convention defined wetlands as “areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters”.
  •  Himachal Pradesh has three "Ramsar Sites-Wetlands of International Importance” namely Pong dam (Kangra), Sri Renuka Ji (Sirmaur) & Chandertal (Lahaul & Spiti).
  • Prashar & Rewalsar (Mandi) and Khajjiar (Chamba) have also been included by the MoEF&CC, GoI for its conservation and management.


  • To conserve and restore wetlands with the active participation of the locals.
  • To conserve and to restore the habitats for migratory & resident species of birds of the area.
  • To conserve the indigenous fish species and make fishery, sustainable livelihood for the local fishermen.
  • To harmonize the relation between fishermen, wildlife and farmers.
  • To enhance the income of the local people by undertaking income generation activities and promotion of community based eco- tourism in the area.
  • To generate employment in the area and to make the tourists more sensitive to the values of nature.

               The theme for 2020 WWD is “Wetlands and Biodiversity”