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| Last Updated:23/05/2020

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90 firms responsible for emitting two-thirds of world's deadly gases since 1751: Study

NEW DELHI: Amid the ongoing debate over how to arrive at a global climate deal which may be acceptable to all nations, new research ongreenhouse gas emissions has listed 90 companies - mostly belonging to rich countries - as the major culprits who emitted nearly two-thirds of the total carbon dioxide and methane emissions in the world since 1751.

Though the list also carries the names of three Indian public sector companies - 
Coal India LimitedONGC and Singareni Collieries Company Limited - and coal and cement producers of China, the research will further strengthen the developing countries' argument seeking developed nations to act on emission cuts keeping in mind their historical responsibility.

Analysis of the research - conducted by Richard Heede at the Colorado-based 
Climate Accountability Institute - was published in scientific journal 'Climatic Change' at a time when rich and poor nations were at loggerheads over the issue of differentiation between 'developed' and 'developing' countries during the climate conference in Warsaw last week.

The US-led rich nations have long been arguing to end this differentiation, pointing out that developing countries including growing economies like India and China are equally responsible for high emissions in the past couple of decades.

At present, only developed countries have obligation to cut emissions under the Kyoto Protocol which spares the poor nations and growing economies from such responsibility. Developing countries do not want dilution of such clause at any cost once they will arrive at a universal climate deal in 
Paris in 2015, arguing that the "historical responsibility" must be factored in during any future agreement.

The differentiation is based on the premise that the historical responsibilities for climate change lie with the rich nations who were among the first lot of countries to be industrialized.

The Times of India (30-11-2013)