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Himachal records reduction in greenhouse gas emission

While environmentalists the world over are seriously concerned over problems like climate change and global warming, the hill state of Himachal is said to have emerged as an “oasis of hope” in combating climate change by reducing Green House Gases (GHG) emission.

Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in the country to record reduction in GHGs emission from 10.083 million tonnes (m in 2009 to 9.197 million tonnes (m) in 2013. This has been inferred from two greenhouse inventories prepared following an exhaustive survey of key sectors responsible for emission of GHGs.

The GHG emissions in 2009 and 2013 have been worked out for sectors and sub-sectors including transport, buildings, industry, waste, agriculture and forestry, energy and change in land use in respect of predominant GHGs like carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide.

The studies carried out by the HP State Council for Science Technology and Environment, State Pollution Control Board, Electricity Board and key departments like Transport and Economics & Statistics revealed that the maximum reduction had come about in energy and allied sector and quantum of GHG emissions reduced from 6.066 million tonnes to 5.147 million tonnes.

The emissions from captive generation and consumption of energy declined from 3.59 million tonnes in 2009 to 2.44 million tonnes (m) in 2013, while the industrial sector emissions reduced from 3.21 m to 2.76 m during the corresponding period.

In industry sector which includes minerals, chemicals, metal and other industries, the quantum of GHG emissions increased marginally from 5.485 m in 2009 to 5.571 m in 2013. The major increase in this sector came from cement plants which recorded 5.17 m to 5.31 m in the same period.

There was no significant change in emissions from agriculture sector which stood at 1.639 m compared to 1.648 m in 2009.

Carbon dioxide emissions reduced from 8.97 m in 2009 to 8.725 m in 2013, while methane emission increased from 0.116 m to 0.134 m during the same period. In case of nitrous oxide, the emissions increased marginally from 0.0061 m to 0.0071 m.

The date revealed that energy consumption had stabilised in the state despite an increase in the population and the reduction in emissions from energy implies that the consumption of energy by the industry had declined, which was by and large not considered healthy for the economy's growth.

A first

* Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in the country to record reduction in GHGs emission from 10.083 million tonnes (mt) in 2009 to 9.197 million tonnes (mt) in 2013

* This has been inferred from two greenhouse inventories prepared following an exhaustive survey of key sectors responsible for emission of GHGs

The Tribune (23-01-2014)