ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, April 17, 2021

About Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh was established in 1948 as a Chief Commissioner's Province within the Union of India. The province comprised the hill districts around Shimla and southern hill areas of the former Punjab region. Himachal became a part C state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India. Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956. On 18 December 1970 the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Thus Himachal emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.

 

Organisation/ Institution

The State Council for Science Technology & Environment (HPSCSTE) is a premier institute with a mandate of advising the State Government on issues concerning environment and implementation of  Scientific Concepts essential for environment and socio economic planning and other related issues.

 

Area

55,673 sq. km.

Population

68,64,602

 

Males = 34,81,873

 

Females=33,82,729    

Sex Ratio

972 ( females per 1000 males )

Population Growth 

+12.94 % (2001-2011)

Population Density

123 (Per square km. )

Rural Population

61,76,050

Urban population

6,88,552

Literacy rate

82.8 % (2011 )

 

Males = 89.53 % 

 

Females = 75.93 %

Birth Rate

16.5 (Per 1000)

Death Rate

6.7 (Per 1000)

No. of districts

12

Division

3

Sub-Division

55

Tehsils

85

Sub-Tehsils 

38

Blocks 

78

Towns & Cities

59

Panchayats

3,243

Panchayat Smities

75

Total Villages

21,690

Inhabited Villages

17,882

Un Inhabited Villages

2,808

Zila Parishad

12

Urban Local Bodies 

53

Nagar Nigam 

1

Nagar Parishad 

19

Nagar Panchayats

33

Health Institutions

3,824 (2012-2013)

Recognized Institutions (Other than Schools)

325 (2012-2013)

Roads Including National Highways

34,647 km. (2012-2013)

No. of National Highways

12

Net Irrigated Area

1,05,576 (Hectares) (2009-2010)

Vegetable production

1398048 (MT)

Area under Vegetable production

68865 (hectare)

Fruit Production

540.78 (2012-2013)(in '000 tonnes)

Milk Production

1138.612 (2012-2013) (in '000 tonnes)

Per Capita Income

Rs. 82, 611 (At current prices)

Legislature 

Unicameral

Judicature

High Court at Shimla

Principle Languages

Hindi and Pahari

Average Rainfall in H.P

1170 (In mm)(2012)

 

Source:- Statistical outline of HP (2012-13)